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How To Treat a Toxic Gas Exposure

In case your parents didn't tell you, mixing bleach and ammonia may kill you. The nitty gritty details of the chemical reaction aren't important, but the end result is a release of toxic gases capable of doing anything from a sore throat to unconsciousness and death.

Following tips can help in the case of a Toxic fumes Exposure.

Difficulty: Difficult

Time Required: Until the EMS or ambulance arrives at site.

Here's How:

  • Stay Safe. Regardless of anything else that happens, if you smell any strong odors then you need to move out of the area to fresh air. It only takes a few moments for many toxic fumes to overwhelm you. Obviously, if you become unconscious, you will not be able to summon help for yourself or anyone else.
  • Call 112 and Get help on the way. The faster an ambulance or EMS arrives the less damage will be done to the patient. During any call to 112, do not hang up until instructed to do so.
  • Most likely, the person you find will be unconscious. If you are able, move the victim to a well-ventilated area away from the fumes. The best bet is to move outside.
  • If you are unable to move the victim or the smell is too strong, ventilate the room as much as possible.
  • Monitor the victim and follow the basic steps for first aid. Follow universal precautions and wear personal protective equipment if you have it. Most importantly, make sure you're in a well ventilated area. The victim can be covered in chemicals giving off the toxic fumes.
  • Let conscious victims sit or lie in a position most comfortable for them.
  • Unconscious victims should be placed in the recovery position.


  • Do not elevate legs to treat for shock if the gunshot wound is above the waist (unless the gunshot wound is in the arm). Gunshot wounds to the abdomen and chest will bleed more quickly once the legs are elevated, making it harder for the victim to breathe.
  • When help arrives, tell them what happened and step back. Staying out of the way of rescuers is as much help to the victim as everything you do before the ambulance arrives.


Learn more about Treating Hazardous Material Exposure, and other First Aid for injuries, with 24x7 Medical Service course First Aid and CPR course at Life Saving CPR Training in New Delhi. Sign up for a class online at Delhi First Aid and CPR Training Institute.

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