First aid Training for Bumps and Bruises
Online First Aid Class for Bruises
A typical bruise is a contusion caused by traces of blood escaping from small vessels that lie close to the skin's surface. Since our blood vessels become more fragile with age, the elderly tend to bruise easier than healthy adults and children. Conversely, if a child sustains excessive bruising, it may be an indication of a more serious injury and should be treated accordingly.
If the bruise is on the victim's head, he may've have sustained a concussion and should be checked for Head Trauma.
To reduce the bump and minimize the pain, have the victim elevate the injured area and apply a commercial ice pack or ice cubes wrapped in a towel for 30 to 45 minutes. Depending on the extent of the injury, this process should be repeated for a few days or until the swelling and the pain begin to dissipate.
You can enhance bruise healing with a few simple techniques. Remember RICE, for rest, ice, compress and elevate:
- Rest the bruised area, if possible.
- Ice the bruise with an ice pack wrapped in a towel. Leave it in place for 10 to 20 minutes. Repeat several times a day for a day or two as needed.
- Compress the bruised area if it is swelling, using an elastic bandage. Don't make it too tight.
- Elevate the injured area.
- If your skin isn't broken, you don't need a bandage. Consider taking an over-the-counter pain reliever if needed.
Consult your doctor if you:
- Notice very painful swelling in the bruised area
- Are still experiencing pain three days after a seemingly minor injury.
- Have frequent, large or painful bruises, particularly if your bruises appear on your trunk, back or face, or seem to develop for no known reasons
- Have easy bruising and a history of significant bleeding, such as during a surgical procedure
- Notice a lump (hematoma) form over the bruise
- Are experiencing abnormal bleeding elsewhere, such as from your nose or gums
- Suddenly begin bruising, but have no history of bruising
- Have a family history of easy bruising or bleeding
These signs and symptoms may indicate a more serious problem, such as a blood-clotting problem or blood-related disease.
Learn more about First Aid For Bruises, and other Medical Emergencies, through online Classes run by a 24x7 Medical Service at Delhi First Aid and CPR Training institute New Delhi. Sign up for a class online at Delhi First Aid and CPR Training Institute